Columbus, IN Profile: Facts & Data


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Columbus, Indiana - Basic Facts

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The City of Columbus had a population of 49,398 as of July 1, 2021. Columbus ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Indiana. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbus is located at latitude 39.2014 and longitude -85.9214 in Bartholomew County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbus encompass a land area of 27.59 sq. miles and a water area of 0.39 sq. miles. Bartholomew County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 630 feet.

The City of Columbus has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Columbus is located within Township of Columbus, a minor civil division (MCD) of Bartholomew County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Columbus: Tiptonia.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Columbus 2021 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Columbus (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Indiana Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Indiana Data Comparison Tool - 2021 Demographics

Columbus, IN Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2021)


Total Population 49,398 (100%)
Population in Households 48,531 (98.2%)
Population in Families 38,299 (77.5%)
Population in Group Quarters1 867 ( 1.8%)
Population Density 1,758
Diversity Index2 38


Median Household Income $67,250
Average Household Income $88,188
% of Income for Mortgage4 12%
Per Capita Income $35,598
Wealth Index5 100


Total HU (Housing Units) 22,008 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 12,975 (59.0%)
Renter Occupied HU 6,875 (31.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 2,158 ( 9.8%)
Median Home Value $198,911
Average Home Value $245,339
Housing Affordability Index3 193


Total Households 19,850
Average Household Size 2.44
Family Households 12,610
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2021 2021-2026
Population 1.0% 0.86%
Households 0.97% 0.84%
Families 0.8% 0.74%
Median Household Income   2.24%
Per Capita Income   2.1%
Owner Occupied HU   1.02%

Columbus, IN - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbus to the other 679 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Indiana by rank and percentile using July 1, 2021 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 20 97th
Population Density # 181 73rd
Median Household Income # 142 79th
Housing Affordability Index # 162 24th
Per Capita Income # 88 87th
Diversity Index # 78 89th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Indiana Census Data Comparison Tool.

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