Bloomington, IN Profile: Facts & Data


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Bloomington, Indiana - Basic Facts

The City of Bloomington is the 7th largest city in Indiana with a population of 85,599 as of July 1, 2020. Bloomington ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Indiana. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Bloomington is located at latitude 39.1653 and longitude -86.5264 in Monroe County. The formal boundaries for the City of Bloomington encompass a land area of 23.25 sq. miles and a water area of 0.18 sq. miles. Monroe County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 771 feet.

The City of Bloomington (GNIS ID: 2394196) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Bloomington is located within Township of Bloomington, a minor civil division (MCD) of Monroe County.


Bloomington, IN Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 85,599 (100%)
Population in Households 70,790 (82.7%)
Population in Families 32,301 (37.7%)
Population in Group Quarters1 14,809 (17.3%)
Population Density 3,684
Diversity Index2 41


Median Household Income $36,694
Average Household Income $57,062
% of Income for Mortgage4 23%
Per Capita Income $23,298
Wealth Index5 50


Total HU (Housing Units) 35,694 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 11,067 (31.0%)
Renter Occupied HU 22,805 (63.9%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,822 ( 5.1%)
Median Home Value $202,805
Average Home Value $239,164
Housing Affordability Index3 106


Total Households 33,872
Average Household Size 2.09
Family Households 11,800
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 0.61% 0.7%
Households 0.73% 0.86%
Families 0.45% 0.61%
Median Household Income   1.24%
Per Capita Income   1.67%
Owner Occupied HU   0.75%


Bloomington, IN - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Bloomington to the other 679 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Indiana by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 7 99th
Population Density # 6 99th
Median Household Income # 653 4th
Housing Affordability Index # 58 9th
Per Capita Income # 487 28th
Diversity Index # 62 91st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Indiana Census Data Comparison Tool.

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