Salem, IN Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Salem, Indiana - Basic Facts

The City of Salem had a population of 6,304 as of July 1, 2017.

The primary coordinate point for Salem is located at latitude 38.6046 and longitude -86.0975 in Washington County. The formal boundaries for the City of Salem (see map below) encompass a land area of 4 sq. miles and a water area of 0.02 sq. miles. Washington County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 748 feet.

The City of Salem (GNIS ID: 2396525) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Salem is located within Township of Washington, a minor civil division (MCD) of Washington County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Salem population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Salem, IN Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Washington | Washington County | Indiana Counties

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Salem, IN Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 6,304
Daytime Population: Workers 4,689
Daytime Population: Residents 3,551
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 8,240
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.31
Population in Households 6,107
Population in Familes 4,744
Population in Group Qrtrs 197
Population Density2 1,576
Diversity Index3 10


Median Household Income $36,509
Average Household Income $48,797
Per Capita Income $20,448


Total Housing Units 2,935 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 1,639 (55.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 954 (32.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 342 (11.7%)
Median Home Value $91,033
Average Home Value $139,405


Total Households 2,593
Average Household Size 2.36
Family Households 1,622
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.03% 0.07%
Households -0.15% 0.01%
Families 0.2% -0.09%
Median Household Income   0.81%
Per Capita Income   2.5%

Salem, IN - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Salem to the other 680 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Indiana by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 103 85th
Population Density # 249 63rd
Diversity Index # 384 44th
Median Household Income # 626 8th
Per Capita Income # 561 18th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Indiana Census Data Comparison Tool.

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